The effect of high intensity interval training on cardiac autonomic regulation in patients with type 2 diabetes
With one of the most commonly cited reasons for lack of physical activity participation being ‘lack of time’,1 high-intensity interval training (HIIT; involving short-to-long periods of high-intensity exercise separated by periods of relative recovery or rest) offers a time-efficient method for reducing cardiometabolic risk.
Athletes competing in sports with excessive, repetitive overhead movement have a high risk of overuse shoulder injuries, with overuse shoulder injuries accounting for approximately 19% of all volleyball injuries. The spike movement has been reported to be responsible for over 80% of all shoulder injuries in volleyball and, given that elite players may perform roughly 40,000 spikes per year, small differences in technique could be associated with different injury risks.
Mental health in sport is a hard-hitting topic that is frequently the subject of news coverage and increasingly a theme for avid research. Cricket in particular has been the vanguard within the sporting arena, with several high profile players and coaches striving to break the taboo of mental health amongst players and bring the topic into the public forum
Patellar tendinopathy (PT) is a common overuse injury affecting the patellar tendon; characterised by collagen degeneration with prolific neovascularisation and an absence of inflammatory cell infiltration. Elite athletes in jumping sports are the most frequently affected.
The conventional and sumo style deadlift are an integral component of strength training programmes in athletes and are primarily used to strengthen the back, legs and hips. The deadlift involves the lifter standing in a flexed position with two hands gripped on a weightlifting bar.
Rugby Union (rugby) is the third most popular contact sport in the world and has one of the highest reported incidences of injuries amongst all sports. Thoroughly characterising these injuries may help develop preventative methods to reduce absence from rugby at professional and amateur levels.
It has been claimed that barefoot running may help prevent overuse injuries because it modifies the runner’s gait. As the first study to compare running biomechanics of habitually shod runners whist barefoot and in minimal shoes, results will inform running and sports medicine communities about how differing minimal shoes compare biomechanically to barefoot or traditional trainers.
Levels of injury in rugby union have increased dramatically since the game became professional in the mid ‘90s. Recent figures suggest that at a premiership club, 23% of the playing staff are unavailable for selection at any given time. High profile examples show that injury prevention and reduction can be the difference between winning and losing.